Only daughter (biological flesh and blood)of John f Howell
john f Howell died in 1995.
John and Jane Howell were married from 1951 to 1980.They had three biological kids.
He worked at the GE Hotpoint plant in Milwaukee from 1950 to 1966.
He was transferred to theGE PInellas plant in 1966-1990 ALONG WITH 80 FAMILIES.
Jane Howell died in 1980.
John f Howell died in 1995.
My dad was the principal engineer at the Pinellas plant
He worked for GE from 1950 to 1990.
He was going to Los Alamos,Scandia nat lab,Oak ridge,Pantex,Rocky Flats,GE milwaukee,GE largo for 40 years
He had 9 patents to his name.
JANE hOWELL DIED IN 1980.
His only kids(flesh and blood biological)are are Jeffory john Howell,James David Howell,Kathy Hoffman.
Jane Howell is the mother of Jeffory John Howell,james David Howell and Kathy Howell Hofffman.
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Why was Allis Chalmers of Milwaukee a prime contractor of the World War 2 Manhattan Project?
In order to produce the magnetic coils essential in the production of Uranium metal from Uranium dioxide, AC wound the coils out of pure silver (Because Silver was available to replace the criticallyshort copper during wartime. A total of 6,000 tons of silver was borrowed from the West Point Depository to create the coils.) The coils were produced, the Uranium was processed, the bombs were builtand the war was won. That is why a tractor manufacturer was a prime contractor in the construction of the Atomic Bomb.
January 10 The Lend-Lease program is introduced into U.S. Congress. March 11 Despite opposition from isolationists, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease act to provide aid to Great Britain. March 21 The first all-black unit of the U.S. Air Corps — the 99th Pursuit Squadron — is activated. They became known as the Tuskegee Airmen. April 13 Japan and Russia sign a neutrality pact. May 27 On its first mission, the German battleship Bismarck is hunted down and sunk. June 22 Unleashing its “Barbarossa” plan, Germany invades the Soviet Union without declaring war. Despite massing troops at the border, the Germans encounter little opposition. Hitler is now fighting a two-front war. June 25 Under threat of a forced march on Washington, Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802. It combats discrimination against blacks and women in the hiring practices of defense jobs. It is the first federal gesture toward civil rights since Reconstruction. July 8 Germany and Italy declare the end of the Yugoslav nation.http://www.pbs.org/thewar/at_war_timeline_1941.htm?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=pbsofficial&utm_campaign=thisdayhistory July 12 With Luftwaffe raids, Germany hits Moscow for the first time. August 2 The U.S. extends aid to the Soviet Union. October 16 The Germans reach the gates of Moscow. Civilians flee the “Bolshoi Trap” amid panic and looting. October 19 Soviet Premier Josef Stalin remains in Moscow, vowing that the city “will be defended to the last.” October 31 A German U-boat torpedoes and sinks the U.S.S. Reuben James off the Icelandic coast. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII. November 16 Roosevelt extends Lend-Lease to the Soviet Union. December 7 At 7:55 AM on a Sunday, hundreds of Japanese warplanes, launched from aircraft carriers far out at sea, attack the American Pacific fleet anchored at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, based on a plan by Isoroku Yamamoto. Eight battleships, including the U.S.S. Arizona, three light cruisers, three destroyers and four other naval vessels are either sunk or damaged. One hundred-sixty-four American aircraft, mostly on the ground, are destroyed. And 2,403 Americans are killed. On the day that President Roosevelt would call “a date which will live in infamy,” the Japanese also hit Guam, Wake Island, the Philippines, Malaya and Hong Kong. December 8 The U.S. declares war on Japan. December 11 Germany and Italy declare war on the U.S. December 22 As more than 40,000 Japanese troops come ashore north of Manila, American general Douglas MacArthur orders a retreat to Bataan. December 23 Manila is declared an open city as the army departs http://www.pbs.org/thewar/at_war_timeline_1941.htm?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=pbsofficial&utm_campaign=thisdayhistory
GLEN FORK, W.Va. — Across Laurel Creek and down a dirt road in this sleepy valley town is the modest white house where Steve Day grew up. For more than 33 years, it was where he recuperated between shifts underground, mining the rich seams of the central Appalachian coalfields and doing his part to help make Peabody Energy Corp. the nation’s most productive coal company. Now, it’s where he spends most days and nights in a recliner, inhaling oxygen from a tank, slowly suffocating to death.
More than a half-dozen doctors who have seen the X-ray and CT images of his chest agree he has the most severe form of black lung disease. Yet his claim for benefits was denied in 2011, leaving him and his family to survive on Social Security and a union pension; they sometimes turn to neighbors or relatives for loans to make it through the month.
The medical opinions primarily responsible for sinking his claim didn’t come from consultants-for-hire at a private firm or rogue doctors at a fringe organization.
They came from a respected household name: the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.
The Johns Hopkins University often receives attention for its medical discoveries and well-regarded school of public health, and its hospital recently was ranked the nation’s best by U.S. News and World Report.
What has remained in the shadows is the work of a small unit of radiologists who are professors at the medical school and physicians at the hospital. For 40 years, these doctors have been perhaps the most sought-after and prolific readers of chest films on behalf of coal companies seeking to defeat miners’ claims. Their fees flow directly to the university, which supports their work, an investigation by the Center for Public Integrity and ABC News has found. According to the university, none of the money goes directly to the doctors.
Their reports — seemingly ubiquitous and almost unwaveringly negative for black lung — have appeared in the cases of thousands of miners, and the doctors’ credentials, combined with the prestigious Johns Hopkins imprimatur, carry great weight. Their opinions often negate or outweigh whatever positive interpretations a miner can produce.
For the credibility that comes with these readings, which the doctors perform as part of their official duties at Johns Hopkins, coal companies are willing to pay a premium. For an X-ray reading, the university charges up to 10 times the rate miners typically pay their physicians.
More from ‘Breathless and Burdened’
Part One: The Law Firm
The Center for Public Integrity reports how a prominent law firm has withheld evidence of black lung in cases over the years, helping to defeat the benefits claims of sick miners.
Part Two: The Doctors
The Center, in partnership with ABC News, reports on the crucial role played by doctors — including a unit at the nation’s top-ranked hospital — in helping to beat back miners’ benefits claims. Reports will appear on publicintegrity.org and abcnews.go.com, and televised segments will air on World News and Nightline.
Part Three: The Next Battleground
The Center reports on the newest battle in the long-running war between coal companies and miners, revealing the latest industry effort to defuse emerging scientific evidence and contain its liabilities.
Consulting fees in black lung cases flow directly to Johns Hopkins
By Chris Hamby October 30, 2013
The Great Iceland Bear Hunt
Cold War Dreadnoughts Part 1
Posted on December 10, 2013 by Princeton Mike
Until the Second World War large caliber-gunned warships ruled the oceans. Battleships, along with the speedier battle cruisers were the capital ships of note. These ships formed the core of the world’s major naval powers. In the early stages of World War II, the potential of naval based airpower was realized; first by the Royal Navy at Taranto, and then by the Japanese at Pearl Harbor. From 1941 on, the majority of large scale naval actions were undertaken at greater distances where the opposing fleets never caught sight of one another. The age of the battleship had come to an inglorious end and the aircraft carrier became as predominant seaborne weapon.
When the war ended, most battleships were decommissioned and placed in mothballs, their massive guns considered obsolete in the face of aircraft and atomic weapons. In the post war years, the US Navy focused on building its power around aircraft carriers. Guided missiles became the primary armament of surface ships. Only in Korea and Vietnam did the US temporarily dust off and recommission a handful of Iowa class battleships to provide naval gunfire support. When their usefulness had ended, the ships were placed back in mothballs. The age of the battleship appeared to have permanently come to an end. Or so it was believed.
In 1977, the Baltic Shipyard launched the largest warship to be built by any nation since the end of World War II. Three years later the ship entered service as the nuclear powered missile cruiser Kirov. Kirov was a massive ship by any standards. Its armament, layout and purpose was reminiscent of a dreadnought from an earlier age. Instead of large caliber guns, Kirov’s main armament consisted of long range anti-ship missiles, complemented by a large battery of surface to air missiles for self-protection. For propulsion, the cruiser had a combined nuclear and steam propulsion (CONAS) system. A nuclear reactor was the primary propulsion system, with conventional boilers there to act as a backup. Kirov was a handsome ship to look at, with sleek lines and a superstructure layout that harkened back to the time when heavy gunned ships were the norm. The purpose of the ship was less charming. Kirov’s principal purpose in a time of war would have been to seek out and destroy US aircraft carrier battle groups.
The US Navy was alarmed at the appearance of this new Soviet warship. There was nothing even close to it in our arsenal in terms of capability. When President Reagan took office in January of 1981 the re-armament of the US military began. As part of the 600 Ship Navy strategic plan of the USN, the four Iowa class battleships were to be modernized and recommissioned. The main purpose for bringing back the Iowas was to counter the Kirov class.
Warfare at sea had changed dramatically since these ships first took to sea during World War II. The 16 inch guns carried aboard each ship were not going to be very effective by themselves. The modernization program was expansive. The ships were rebuilt to accommodate missile mounts. Tomahawk cruise missiles (both TLAM and TASM versions) were housed in quad-celled Armored Box Launchers (ABL) while Harpoon anti-ship missiles were carried in canister launchers. To counter against enemy missiles and aircraft that strayed too close to the ship, four 20mm Phalanx Close-In Weapon System mounts were installed. Because there was no room for a helicopter hangar and facilities, the RQ-2 Pioneer UAV was deployed aboard the four battleships. The Pioneer was used for spotting duties and proved its worth during Operation Desert Storm. A host of modern radars, sensors and countermeasure systems were also installed. When the first refurnished Iowa class battleship was recommissioned, it marked a new era in the Cold War at sea.
The USS. New Jersey was formally recommissioned in December of 1982. Within a year, she was back in action providing naval gunfire support for US Marines in Lebanon. Iowa came back to service in 1984, followed by Missouri two years later, and finally Wisconsin in 1988. For the most part, the battleships deployed as the core of Surface Action Groups (SAGs) which were essentially groups designed to take on the Kirov and her sister ships. Missile armed cruisers, destroyers and frigates were attached to provide air defense and ASW support, however, the anti-surface firepower was primarily carried by the battleships.
Part Two will be coming on Thursday. In it, we’ll take a look at how the Kirovs and Iowas were actually employed from the early 80s up until the end of the Cold War.
http://wordpress.com/read/post/id/60499078/83/The Berlin Wall, still a current controversial issue “Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” – Quote by Ronald Reagan, Speech at the Berlin Wall (June 12, 1987) In 1945, at the end of World War II, Germany was divided into four occupation zones: the Soviet, the American, the English and the French. Berlin was included in the territorial zone controlled by the Soviets and also divided into four sectors. Poor relationships between the Western Allied powers (The United States, Britain and France), and the U.S.S.R. increased and Germany became the main scenario of the Cold War. The issue of the Berlin Wall has been a controversial and much disputed subject within many fields. Saskia Sassen, professor of Sociology, Columbia University presented “Global 1989?” in 2009 within a conference at the University of Cincinnati. She was one of the experts who offered her viewpoint about the most significant unexpected change of 20 years of history since the fall of the Berlin Wall. “The events of 1989 created upheaval not only politically but in the structures of capitalist economies that continue to evolve today, particularly because of factors related to the transition to a unipolar world” Sassen said. Stalin, in 1948 responded to the creation of the new German context with a total blockade of terrestrial communications between the German and Berlin western sectors. This action harmed the economy of the East Germany. The Americans counteracted with the effort of a continued airlift to supply necessary goods to the Berliners in allied sectors. The following year, the three Western sectors were merged into what became the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the Eastern (or Soviet) became the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Thus, two different Germanys were consolidated, with confronted political, social and economic models and ideals: capitalism and communism. Berlin was also fragmented into two sectors, the Western and Eastern, which established 81 checkpoints for the passage between the two areas of the city. The emergence of West Berlin and the economic difficulties of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) throughout the intervening years until 1961, resulted in one out of six East Germans (nearly three million people) to fled to West Germany (FRG) (Patrick Major, 2006). Berlin was an easy way out for many of them. Therefore, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) decided the night of the 12th August in 1961 to build up a wall in Berlin, and close 69 checkpoints, leaving open only 12. A fence 155 km in length separated the two parts of the city from that day on. Eventually the wall became an iron wall of reinforced concrete panels, with an intermediate height between 3.40 and 3.60 meters, with important supplementary surveillance and control. Between 1961 and 1989 there were more than 5,000 attempts to escape through the wall. 3,000 of them ended up resulting in arrest. It is believed that 192 people were shot trying to cross and another 200 were seriously injured (Carlos Ocaña, 2003). Over time multiples reasons resulted in the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The international situation had changed. The Perestroika or the economic reform that started Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union eased many of the previous tensions between fronts. The opening of borders between Austria and Hungary was a significant flow of East Germans to seek asylum in the embassies of the German Federal Republic in the countries of the Warsaw Pact and the Prague Spring. Important protests and demonstrations seeking for freedom for East Germans led the government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) to proclaim, the 9th of November of 1989, movements to The West to be allowed. Enthusiastic Berliners on both sides began with the destruction and demolition of the wall themselves. The flood of people crossing the border posts began in the next morning November 10th. The Berlin Wall represented for twenty-eight years the division between two models of society. Its demolition andd disappearance meant the end of the Cold War and it became a symbol of the process of the reunification of Germany and Europe. However, despite the fall of the Berlin Wall, the East-West divide remained. “What we are seeing today is that [old] barriers are still there, and even new walls of misunderstanding… new cultural and psychological barriers are rising,” (Sergei Lukashevsky, RIA Novosti News , 2009) said Sergei Lukashevsky, director of the Andrei Sakharov Museum/Public Center in Moskow. References • Cities of Migration, Maytree (2011, May)Unscrambling Immigration: Saskia Sassen Retrieved December 6, 2013 from http://citiesofmigration.ca/ezine_stories/unscrambling-the-immigration-argument-saskia-sassen/ • UC News (2009)Twenty Years After: Experts to Offer Views on Berlin Wall Anniversary at UC Conference on Nov. 8-9. Retrieved December 6, 2013 from http://www.uc.edu/news/NR.aspx?id=10920 • Patrick Major (2006) The Berlin Wall crisis: the view from below. Retrieved November 17, 2013, from http://www.history.ac.uk/ihr/Focus/cold/articles/major.html • Juan Carlos Ocaña (2003) El Muro de Berlin, 1961. Retrieved November 17, 2013, from http://www.historiasiglo20.org/GLOS/muroberlin.htm • Berlin Wall. (2013, November 19). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved November 20, 2013,from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Berlin_Wall&oldid=582290546 • Dmitry Babich, RIA Novosti commentator (2009, November 6) 20 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall: lessons and warnings. Retrieved November 29, 2013 from http://en.ria.ru/analysis/20091106/156736032.html • RIA Novosti News (2009) Gorbachev wasted possible gains from Berlin Wall’s fall. Retrieved November 29, from http://en.ria.ru/russia/20091106/156738435.html
http://kyotochronicle.wordpress.com/2013/12/11/paper-birds-hiroshima/Paper Birds: Hiroshima
Posted on December 11, 2013
This post is gonna be a bit more serious than my previous ones, but the topic is nevertheless of the utmost importance. With the Autumn leaf-viewing season wrapping up here in Kyoto, I decided to take a trip to Hiroshima and Miyajima (a small island off the coast of Hiroshima) last Friday. Hiroshima is pretty far west of where I live in Kyoto, and it’s in a region called Chugoku (中国地方 – lit. center country region), which is actually written the same way as China (中国). Hiroshima is known primarily for being the first target of a nuclear weapon in world history, and the weight of this event has had a clear influence on the current climate of the city in both positive and negative ways.
At the same time that people in Hiroshima want to memorialize the past (recognizing both victims of the atomic bombing and Hiroshima’s previous role as a military hub for the Japanese Imperial Army), there is some tension regarding whether it is appropriate to use the past to encourage tourism and about what kind of message that sends to the outside world. When I visited the Genbaku Dome (原爆ドーム – site of a prewar landmark that still stands in spite of its proximity to the bomb epicenter) during the day, schoolchildren were happily playing outside, showing no awareness of the solemnity of the grounds. Yet when I passed by at night, there was a large protest underway against both nuclear proliferation and against the city government’s preservation of the dome. Even though the dome is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and considered part of the larger peace memorial in the area, many believe it evokes painful remembrances of the past, and is being used simply to generate money from tourism rather than being used to bring awareness to the cause of nuclear disarmament. As an American walking into this protest I received several disapproving looks, even though I doubt any of those people thought I could understand what was being said. I imagine that this disapproval stems not from any lingering effects of prewar animosity between the U.S. and Japan, but because to this day the U.S. holds the second largest stockpile of nuclear weapons (Russia has the most). Since 2010 the only two countries who have [as far as we know] carried out nuclear weapons tests are the U.S. and North Korea.
A watch recovered from the bombing that stopped at exactly 8:15am on August 6, 1945.
Words cannot possibly do justice to the gravity of the Peace Memorial Park and Museum – on the anniversary of Pearl Harbor no less – so please look at some of the images and corresponding stories I have posted above. Yet one thing that pictures cannot convey is the complexity of wartime history and how it affects geopolitical stability in East Asia today. Relations are still tense between the two Koreas, Japan, and China as an indirect result of wartime atrocities. For instance, there have been many accusations in recent years about textbooks in these countries presenting skewed views of warcrimes. The beautiful thing about the Peace Memorial Museum is that these complexities are not hidden – conflicting passages from textbooks are exhibited from countries all across Asia, and several placards in the museum describe events like the Nanking Massacre that you might think would be overshadowed by the significance of the atomic bombing.
Just a few months ago in Kyoto there was a particularly bad case of racially motivated protests outside an elementary school for ethnic Koreans that was resolved in court. Korea being a colony of the former Japanese Empire, ethnic Koreans in Japan have historically been treated as a lower caste, and such attitudes still persist in Japan. Even though 10% of the victims of the A-bomb were Korean, they received no memorial services or funerals. But in spite of the animosity between Japan and Korea, a small but respectful memorial in the Peace Park attests to this sad fact. Whatever the underlying context may have been, perhaps the most amazing thing I have witnessed in Japan was a Japanese salaryman stop in front of the memorial for Korean victims, kneel and bow to the ground in a display of ultimate respect. Whether you may view it as an act of tourism or pilgrimage, the Peace Memorial Park is a powerful place that all who can should visit.
john f howell sick nuclear worker at ge pinellas plant from kjhoffman on Vimeo.